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 Xiuquan Declares the Kingdom of Heavenly Peace 1851 

 

Hong Xiuquan declares the Taiping Tianguo

 

 A major battle took place from 31 December 30 1850 to January1, 1851 at Jintian, and the God Worshippers were victorious. On January 11, 1851, his 38 birthday, Hong Xiuquan formally declared the establishment of the Heavenly Kingdom of Peace (Taiping Tianguo) with himself as Tian wang 天王 Heavenly King, at Jintian village in Guangxi  ( now Guiping, Guangxi)  where a majority of his 20,000 followers had massed . ( Hong Xiuquan did not proclaim himself as Huangdi 皇帝 (Emperor). According to the Taiping religion, God was translated as Huang shangdi . So it would be sacrilegious to be called Huangdi ) By this time the Taipings and was in control of a large part of the southern section of Guangxi . Unlike the other resistance movements which are active at this time, Hong does not call for the restoration of the Ming dynasty, but instead encouraged the creation of a new one. Despite being surrounded by Qing forces on four sides,  the Taiping forces are able to break out of their Thistle mountain enclosure by narrow mountain paths and on September 25, 1851 captured  Yongan.

 

 

He ordained that he be called sovereign (chu) and reserved the title shang for God and Jesus.The rebellion was proclaimed to be a native uprising against the Manchu oppressors with a heavenly mandate. His wife was named Niang-niang, or empress. Yang Xiuqing was named King of the East and second in overall command, Xiao Chaogui was named King of the West, Feng Yunshan was called King of the South and Wei Changhui, King of the North . Yang Xiuqing and Xiao Chaogui also entered a trance and issued commands .Yang was recognized as supreme commander of the armies of the kings due to his skill in military arts .

 

 

Taipings battling the Qing at Jintian after

announcing the Tai Ping Tian Guo

 

 

 

 

 

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